Here we tell some honeybee facts for kids and adults. Here they go:
1 – Beekeeper with smoke do not calms the bees, he creates a simulation of a fire. Bees, as the ancient inhabitants of the forest, stock honey on a long journey when a smoke attack . When the abdomen is filled with honey and does not bend, it can not sting.
2 – For 1 spoon of honey (30 g) 200 bees need to collect the nectar during the day. Approximately the same number of bees must deal with taking nectar and treating it in the hive. And part of the bees vents hive hard to quickly evaporate the excess water from the nectar. And bees need one gram of wax to seal the 75 cells of honey.
3 – A bee performs “circular” dance in the hive, if it finds a source of food in a small distance from the apiary. “Wag” bee dance signals about honey plants, located at a remote distance.
4 – to obtain a kilogram of honey bees have to make up to 4,500 sorties and take nectar from 6-10 million of flowers. Strong family can gather daily 5 – 10 kg of honey (10 – 20 kg of nectar).
5 – A bee can fly away from the hive for about 8 km and accurately find its way back. Such large flights are life threatening for bees and disadvantageous in terms of productivity of its work. Useful bee flight radius is considered to be 2 km (1.24 miles). And in this case, it examines the huge area of about 12 hectares during the flight. honey plants are usually on such a large area.
6 – Bee swarm can weigh up to 7 – 8 kg, it consists of 50-60 thousand bees that have in their goiters 2 – 3 kg of honey. Under inclement weather bees can eat reserved honey for 8 days.
7 – In a single cell of honeycomb bees lay up to 18 leg-covers weighing 140-180 mg. The composition of one average pollen is about 100 thousand grains, weight of a pollen – from 0.008 to 0.015 g. Summer pollen is heavier than in the spring and fall. Bees brings to 400 portions of pollen a day and bee family gathers 25-30 (55-66 pounds), and sometimes up to 55 kg (121 pounds) of pollen during a season.
8 – 25-30% of the flying bees usually work on collecting pollen in the bee family. They bring and 100 – 400 g (rarely up to 1-2kg (2-4pounds)) of pollen a day.
9 – Many plants produce both nectar and pollen. But there are some plants from which the bees collect pollen only. These are – hazel, poppy, rose, lupine, corn, etc.
10 – The nectar of many plants is composed of three types of sugars – sucrose, glucose and fructose.The ratio of the nectar of various plants is not the same. Honey, which is produced by bees from the glucose-rich nectar (rape, mustard, winter cress, sunflower, etc.), crystallizes rapidly. If the nectar has more fructose (white and yellow acacia, chestnut edible), the honey crystallizes slowly.
11 – Nectar, containing a mixture of sugars, is more attractive to bees than the nectar from the same concentration of a sugar.
12 – Highest honey harvest of nectar is produced in China, USA and Turkey.
13 – Some bee hives can gather to 420 kg of honey per season.
14 – With 3 kg weight of the bee colony only 40-50% of bees collect nectar. These bees can bring in the hive 400 – 500 grams of nectar for one flight. The rest of the bees are busy in raising brood, building new combs, acceptance and processing of nectar into honey and other hive works.
15 - 60% collect nectar in a strong 5 kg weight family. If during the main harvest you limit the queen in laying eggs, then the released nurse bees switch to the honey harvest. Then up to 70% of the bee family collect honey. During one flight, they are able to bring to the hive about 2 kg of nectar.
16 – To fill a goiter, accommodating 40 mg of nectar, bee must visit for one flight at least 200 flowers of sunflower, mustard or sainfoin, 15-20 flowers of horticulture, 130-150 winter rapeseed flowers, coriander or lathyrus.
17 – On a rough surface bee is able to haul loads in excess of 320 times the weight of its body (horse carries a load equal to the weight of its own body.)
18 – Bees, outlived their short life, die in the hive only in winter, and in summer the old bees, feeling the approach of death, leave the hive and die in the wild.
19 – Swarms of bees usually do not sting. Therefore, should not be abuse with smoke during the collection and landing of swarm. The only exceptions are swarms that left the hive a few days ago. However, excess smoke can cause bitterness in them.
20 – The queen bee never stings a person, even when he causes pain. But at a meeting with a rival, she furiously floats sting.
21 – It is required 100 g of honey, 50 g of pollen, and 30 g of water for the breeding of thousands of larvae. Annual demand in the pollen is up to 30 kg per bee colony.
22 – Instinct – the one and only “owner” of the bee family. The most important and highly accomplished cycle of procurement of raw materials and full production of various products of a hive, consisting of 40-60 thousand worker bees are subordinated by it.
23 – Bee cell – the most rational in nature geometric shape of the vessel, its construction requires the least amount of material (100 bee cells – 1.3 g wax), and the structural strength and capacity of the cell have no equal.
24 – The maximum secretion of nectar from the honey plant occurs at temperatures from 18 to 25 degrees Celsius (64-77 F). When the air temperature is above 38 degrees (100 F) most of the plants stop to secrete nectar .In the cold weather secretion of nectar of honey plants reduces and, for example, basswood and buckwheat, completely stop secretion.