Making bee hives

Categories: Bee hive keeping, Bee kits, How to keep bees |



Internal dimensions of the beehive depend on external dimensions of frames. With making bee hives with a frame of 25 mm width the spacing (street) should be 12.5 mm. Therefore, the distance from the middle of one frame to the middle of the other equals 37.5 mm. When calculating the width of the housing or the hive is multiplied by the number of frames. For example, the width of the 12-frame beehive is 450 mm (37,5 x12); 10 framework – 375 mm (37,5 x10); 20-framework-750 mm (37,5 x20). The length of the hive is also dependent on the frame. Between the front and rear walls and side planks of frameworks you must remain a pass or bee space. Between the side planks of frames and  inside surface of the front and rear walls you have to leave a gap of 7.5 mm. Hive with frame 435×300 mm should have a length of 450 mm (7.5+435+7.5 = 450). If this distance is not observed, the more wide gaps bee build with honeycombs, and more narrow, through which bees can not climb, they cover with propolis.

Beehive dimensions - making bee hives (1)

Determining the height of the hive, you must consider that the frames should not go to the bottom of a 20 mm, ie, under the framework it should be space. The walls of the hive should be 10 mm above the level of the framework, ie, to form of the space above frames. Accordingly, the height of the housing on the frame of 435X300 mm is equal to 330 mm (20 300 +10 = 330), and on the frame of 435X230 mm -260 mm (20+230+10 = 260).

Above the frame of hive-lounger you should make bumpers with the height of 50 mm for insulating fabrics.

What and how much material is required for the different hives see tables 11 and 12.

Beehive dimensions - making bee hives

(Transverse and longitudinal section of the hive-lounger with 20 frames)

 

Table 11

Amount of materials for the manufacture of 12-frame beehive

Range of materials

Board thickness of 45 mm, a width of 225 mm

Board thickness of 45 mm, a width of 115 mm

Board thickness of 45 mm, a width of 170 mm

 

Board thickness of 45 mm, a width of 195 mm

Board thickness of 35 mm,

width of 180 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm,

width of 165 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm,

105 mm wide

Board thickness of 25 mm, a width of 85 mm

 

Board thickness of 25 mm, 75 mm wide

Board thickness of 20 mm, a width of 105 mm

 

Board thickness of 20 mm, 55 mm wide

Board thickness of 20 mm,

width of 102 mm

Board thickness of 20 mm,

width of 85 mm

Total 100 hives without frames

 

Total for one hive without frames

At one hive

lin. meters

2.124

 

2.124

2.674

1.100

1.470

1.795

2.208

1.135

0.483

7.535

1.370

3.243

3.048

12.2 m 3

0.122 m 3

At 100 hives

cu. m

2.53

 

1.19

1.85

0.80

0.95

0.80

0.62

0.27

0.11

1.67

0.16

0.70

0.55

Which details

Shells

 

 

– “-

 

The walls of the body  and the front tying  bottom bar

 

The rear and side tying bottom bars

 

 

 

Flooring of bottom

 

The front and side walls of the roof

 

Walls under the roof

Migratory board and back wall of roof

Supporting the roof bars

Roof

– “-

Diaphragm

 

 

Ceiling boards

 Materials for the framework:

Range of materials

Board thickness of 30 mm, a width of 135 mm

 

Board thickness of 25 mm

a width of 118 mm

Board thickness of 15 mm,

a width of 105 mm

Total for 100 sets of frames

A total of 100 hives with frames

Only 1 hive with frames

At one hive

pcs.

0.930

 

2.940

1.756

1, 58 m 3

13.78 m 3

0.14 m 3

 

At 100 hives

kg.

0.40

 

0.89

0.29

Which parts

Side bars

 

 

Upper bars

 

Lower bars

Beehive dimensions - making bee hives (5)

Table 12

Amount of materials for the manufacture of the hive-lounger for 20 frames

front and rear walls are double

Beehive dimensions - making bee hives (4)

Range of materials

Board thickness of 30 mm, a width of 210 mm

Board thickness of 30 mm, a width of 95 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm, a width of 225 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm, a width of 135 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm,

width of 155 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm,

width of 115 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm, a width of 105 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm, a width of 95 mm

Board thickness of 25 mm, 80 mm wide

Board thickness of 25 mm, a width of 65 mm

Board thickness of 20 mm, a width of 134 mm

Board thickness of 20 mm, a width of 115 mm

Board thickness of 20 mm, a width of 102 mm

Board thickness of 20 mm, 50 mm wide

Board thickness of 20 mm,

width of 95 mm

Bars thickness of 30 mm,

width of 45 mm

Total 100 hives without frames

Total for one hive without frames

At one hive

lin. meters

2.36

1.698

1.660

1.660

3.320

3.210

3.024

0.830

1.720

0.860

4.340

5.160

2.688

1.110

13.840

0.180

At 100 hives

cu. m

0.934

0.560

1.300

0.923

0.794

0.197

0.344

0.140

1.163

1.187

0.548

0.111

2.630

0.024

           1.497

0.484

12.836 m 3

0.13 m 3

Which parts

The side walls of the housing

 

 

Boards shortened top and bottom socket

Housing walls

Housing walls

 

Flooring bottom

 

The walls of the cover (harness)

 

Insulating extension

 

Reducted lower bars

Migratory board

Boards for flying

Bottom plating

Exterior walls of the housing

Visor aperture

Boards of aperture

Under-roof sheathing, fixed roof bars , ceiling boards

Top bar hive

  Beehive dimensions - making bee hives (2)

Table 13

Number of nails to make the 12-frame beehive

Range of materials

Nail length 80-90 mm, thickness 3-3.5 mm

Nail length 50-60 mm, 2-2.6 mm thick

Nail length 35-40 wide. 1.6-2 mm

Nails 30 mm long, 1.4-1.6 mm thick

Nails 30 mm long,

thickness of 1.4-1.6 mm

Nails 9-15 mm long, 0.8-1.2 mm thick

 

Total of 100 single-walled hives, kg

Total for one hive kg

At one hive

pcs.

36

 

28

42

14

192

24

At 100 hives

kg

16-24,5

 

3,5-7,0

2,3-4,2

 0,5-0,7

7,0-9,1

0,1-0,3

29,4-45,8 kg

0,3-0,46 kg

Which parts

For the body and store

 

Roof

The roof and the diaphragm

Aperture and ventilation flaps

 

Scope nesting and magazine

 

Ventilation grid

In addition, one hive needs 480 g of linseed oil, 300 g of ground chalk for putty and 970 g of white, ocher and other colors (for double dyeing).

Beehive dimensions - making bee hives

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Making bee hives

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