Lat. – Salvia officinalis, Eng. – Sage
Hippocrates, Dioscorides and other ancient Greek physicians called sage “Sacred grass”, considering it especially useful for female infertility. The Roman physician Galen and Pliny the Elder wrote about it as a medicinal plant. Water extract of leaves of sage is known as the “Greek tea”. The name of the herb is derived from ancient Greek words: the sun, health, well-being.
Description of Sage
Sage – perennial shrub up to 50-70 cm (20-27”) of the family Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Stems are branched, quadrangular, woody at the base. Blue-purple flowers are clustered in a long spike-like inflorescences.
For medical purposes people use sage leaves.
The chemical composition of Salvia officinalis
The leaves of sage contain flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and tarry substances, organic acids (oleanolic, ursolic, chlorogenic acid, etc.), vitamin P and PP, bitter, volatile, and a significant amount of essential oil, containing pinene, cineol, thujone, borneol , Salvia and other terpene compounds.
Properties of Sage
Anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties of sage are caused by tannic and flavonoid compounds in leaves, and a presence of essential oils and vitamins P and PP. Antimicrobial activity of plants is most pronounced against Gram-positive bacterial strains, and to a lesser degree to the strains of gram-negative microorganisms.
In folk medicine sage is used as a tea to treat diseases of the throat, colds, dental pain, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal disorders, inflammation of the liver. Fresh herb is used topically for the treatment of tumors.
Anti-inflammatory properties of sage are caused by reduction in permeability of the walls of blood vessels and capillaries under the influence of drugs, and by the presence of hemostatic properties of sage.
In addition, the sage leaves increase secretory activity of digestive tract due to the presence of bitterness.
It has long been known the property of sage leaves to inhibit sweating. This justifies the use of sage in menopause, in some fevers, tuberculosis.
Infusion of sage is also used for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases, for the treatment of purulent wounds and ulcers, minor burns and frostbite. People use gauze, soaked in the infusion of sage, general or local baths with infusion of sage.
Sage water extracts inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria, quite active influences on Staphylococcus aureus.
Due to the presence of bitter compounds sage promotes secretion of gastric juice, has a faint antispasmodic properties (effect of essential oil ).
Due to the above properties of the plant extract of sage leaves is used to treat diseases of the digestive system, as well as for washing and baths for long nonhealing wounds, ulcers, sore throat and stomatitis.
Sage herb is used in the form of infusions and decoctions, powders, collections for treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, throat and pharynx. In folk medicine sage is used as a general tonic.
Sage for sore throat
If you have sore throat, pharyngitis, stomatitis – make 5% sage tea and use to rinse.
When pharyngitis – cook 5% infusion of sage and St. John’s wort, taken in equal amounts. Take inside 0.5 cup 3-4 times a day after meals with pre-rinse thoroughly throat with the same infusion.
Sage is used for inflammatory diseases of the oropharynx, nasopharynx and upper respiratory tract, due to binders, anti-inflammatory, disinfectant and phytoncidic properties of the plant. Sage leaves in the form of infusion are also used to rinse, inhalation, compresses and wet turundae.
Separately sage herbal preparations are used rarely, usually sage leaves are included in complex collections.
In folk medicine salvia is very popular. They use it for the treatment of gastritis, colitis, liver and kidneys, for bronchitis as an expectorant and diuretic. Preparations of green sage leaves, dried without the stem, are considered useful when you have the weakening of memory, night sweats and edema. They prepared extracts to rinse sore throat, gingivitis, ulcers in the mouth, as well as mumps.
Sage reduces perspiration, this property is used in menopause, in some fevers, tuberculosis. After receiving the extract of sage sweating stops very quickly. The maximum duration of its action is about 2-3 hours, and sometimes days.
In folk medicine they include sage in the mixture of herbs that is used for the treatment of tuberculosis of the lungs and chest, for laxatives and stomach teas.
Preparations of sage
Tincture of sage
Tincture of sage – a transparent liquid greenish-brown color with characteristic aromatic odor and taste. 1:10 tincture is prepared with 70% alcohol. Used for rinsing.
Infusion of sage leaves
Infusion of sage leaves: put 10 g (2 tbsp) of raw sage in an enamel bowl, pour 200 ml of hot boiled water, heat in boiling water (water bath) for 15 min, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, filter. Remaining sage is squeezed. Add boiled water to make 200 ml. The prepared infusion is stored in a cool place not more than 2 days. The infusion is used as emollient and anti-inflammatory.
Sage tea is used for inflammation of the respiratory tract and as an astringent for diarrhea of various origins.
Decoction of sage – 20:200 1 tbsp 3 times a day.
It should be remembered that there is a big difference between the activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of sage. This is related to the degree of dissolution of active substances. Aqueous extracts of sage act mainly as antidiabetic, improving digestion and limiting sweating remedy. But the alcohol extract of sage is effective as an antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. Sage essential oil, which contains a significant amount of thujone, for therapeutic purposes is not applicable.
Sage tea for women
Sage – the repository of phytohormones. Their role has not yet been sufficiently studied. It is known that they are similar to the female hormone estrogen.
That is why women over 35 years should make the rejuvenation course – drink a glass of infusion of sage (1 tsp. of sage per cup of boiling water) three times a year for a month on a regular basis in the morning. Use it cool. Drink slowly for 30-40 minutes before eating. For a taste you can add lemon or honey.
Infusion of sage seeds in infertility
Infusion of sage seeds helps both men and women – it increases the “sucks” reflex of the cervix of woman.
Use 1 tsp. of sage seeds per cup of boiling water. Keep in the refrigerator. Drink 1 dessert spoon 2 times a day – in the morning before breakfast and at bedtime for 11 days immediately after the cessation of menstruation. The course of treatment – 3 months. If desired pregnancy did not come, 2 months break can be done and then you can repeat the treatment.
Sage for infertility
Sage tincture with 40% alcohol (1:10) is widely used for the treatment of female infertility, diabetes. For female infertility, estrogen deficiency and violation of ovarian-menstrual cycle the composition is: sage tincture (1 part), tincture of hops (part 1), infusion of roots and rhizomes of cyanosis blue (0.5 parts), tincture of hawthorn fruit (0.5 parts), tincture of calendula (0.5 parts). Drink 20-30 drops with 1 tablespoon of water 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating. The treatment – 1.5-2 years.
Sage for frigidity
Sage significantly reduces frigidity. All these unpleasant effects quickly and completely disappear, if you add lime (the color of the leaves), which is also a vegetable plant hormones.
1 tsp. of a mixture of sage and lime in 2 cups of boiling water. Keep cool, drink throughout the day.
In ancient Egypt, after the devastating wars and epidemics that kill large numbers of people, women were forced to eat sage, drinking tea from it – to increase fertility. Priests handed grass free. Particularly carefully they checked the use of sage by young women.
Sage for thrush
1 part of vinegar and 3 parts of decoction of sage are used as a lotion.
Sage for alopecia
Externally a decoction of sage is used for festering wounds, with the vinegar it is used for children thrush, flux. In dermatology sage decoction is used internally for eczema, acne vulgaris, furunculosis, alopecia. Sage tea has a positive effect when applied externally for the treatment of alopecia of the scalp.
Sage to treat gum disease
For flux, diseases of the gums and throatyou can use the mixture of two concoctions: sage (5 g per 1 cup of water – 10 minutes) and oak (5 g per 1 cup of water). Both broth are strained and mixed. Rinse hot.
Sage to treat diabetes
Clinical studies have shown that a decoction of sage reduces the level of sugar in the blood. It can be used to treat mild forms of diabetes. Sage as antidiabetic agent is used in conjunction with the roots of the dandelion, baskets of sandy cumin, hawthorn flowers in the ratio 2:3:2:2:2. Take 2 tbsp. of mix, pour 1 cup of water, simmer on low heat for 10 minutes, cool. Patients drink 50 ml 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Sage to treat sciatica
For arthritis, neuritis, radiculitis they use sage leaves with the grass of common thyme, melissa officinalis, mint, black poplar buds. You need to take 50 grams of each plant, pour 5 liters of water, simmer on low heat for 10 minutes and keep 1 hour. Make a warm bath 2-3 times a week. The course of treatment consists of 10-15 procedures. These baths are good for post-traumatic arthritis and osteoarthritis, spondylitis, osteochondrosis. At the same time you should have lacto-vegetarian diet rich in vitamins and minerals.
Sage for asthma
During an asthma attack you can make a few small puffs of a cigarette, made from the dried leaves of sage and dope. Mixture for smoking: take half of a small sheet of dope and a leaf of sage, roll a cigarette, make several puffs of not very strong smoke. It does not cure asthma, but relief.
Sage to treat tuberculosis
Preparations of sage – are excellent expectorants. For the treatment of tuberculosis in the last century was successfully used the following mixture: sage – 3-8 g, nettle leaves – 2-5 g, lilac flowers and yarrow – 2-4 g, pour 3 cups of boiling water and keep in warm place for half an hour. The infusion is prepared daily and taken 3 times a day before meals warm. The course of treatment – 3 months or more.
Sage in cooking
Sage is widely used in cooking, they add it to the entrees, cabbage, egg-rice and meat fillings for pies. You can add it in grated cheese. Sprinkle dishes with a dry grass before serving. Add wherever you can use pepper, sugar, cinnamon.
Sage helps in the treatment of inflammation and swelling, pain in the liver. Reduces sweating, relieves the state of fear. Externally a decoction of sage is used to rinse the mouth and throat and to solve skin problems (boils, poorly healing wounds, burns).
The word sage from Latin means “be healthy”.
Sage honey – is a liquid with a sweet aroma and pleasant taste of dark golden to amber color. If you is limited only to this information, it means – to say nothing about this magnificent natural drug from Mother Nature !
Sage honey plant
Sage honey is made of the grass called Salvia. Sage in nature is wild and medicinal. The birthplace of it is Italy and the former Yugoslavia. However, as you can imagine, if it is a drug, then it is grown wherever there is (or created) a similar climate. Sage likes warmth and moisture, but without saturation. Keep it from freezing, it freezes without a good snow cover during the harsh winter. In general, there are about a hundred species of sage, or more, including hallucinogenic.
The plant is a perennial. The roots are strong, woody. The stem is straight and branched, abundantly covered with foliage. The leaves have oblong shape to 8 cm (3”) in length and up to 3-4 cm (1.5”), but often up to 1.5cm(0.6”). Inflorescence is branching or simple, corolla is purple and stigma has two unequal lobes.
Sage on the second year has a fruit – a nut with diameter 2.5 mm (0.1”), dark brown in color, consists of 4 parts. Sage blooms for 6-7 month, and fruits mainly in September.
The raw material for the manufacture of drugs are sage leaves, buds and fruits. At first years sage’s first collection is made in September, and subsequently leaves and buds are harvested in June and July, and then if possible. Drying of raw material is made by the traditional method.
Our beautiful and healing plants in good weather give honeybees
I’ve never tried sage honey but I would like. Very interesting article.